Fri. Dec 1st, 2023
AI Glossary : AI Terms you need to know

The AI glossary is an ever-evolving list of terms that relate to the field of artificial intelligence. It can be difficult to keep up with all of the terminology associated with AI, but understanding these key terms is essential for anyone looking to stay ahead of the curve. In this blog post, we’ll be breaking down the top 10 terms you need to know from the AI glossary. We’ll discuss what each term means and why it’s important to know about it. Let’s get started!


An algorithm is a set of instructions designed to solve a specific problem. In the context of artificial intelligence (AI), algorithms are used to create machine-learning models that can identify patterns, recognize speech, and process natural language. Algorithms are responsible for making sense of the vast amounts of data available and helping machines learn how to act based on that data.

AI ethics refers to the moral principles and standards that should be adhered to when developing and using AI technology.

These ethical principles focus on ensuring that AI is used responsibly, fairly, and with respect for human rights. AI ethics also includes considerations of privacy, accountability, transparency, safety, and autonomy when deploying AI systems.

Accuracy is a measure of how well an AI system is able to correctly identify or predict a result or outcome. Accuracy is usually measured by comparing the AI system’s predictions or decisions with those of humans, who are considered the gold standard for accuracy.

Adversarial Machine Learning:

Adversarial machine learning is a branch of AI in which algorithms are used to try to “trick” or “fool” other algorithms into making incorrect predictions or decisions.

This is done by feeding the algorithms input data that has been intentionally modified to produce unexpected results.

Application Programming Interface (API):

An application programming interface (API) is a set of instructions that allows two computer programs to communicate with each other. In the context of AI, APIs are often used to allow different software applications to access and use AI algorithms and models in order to improve their functionality.

Big data

Big data is an umbrella term used to describe large volumes of data that are difficult to store, process, and analyze with traditional methods. It can include both structured and unstructured data such as text, images, videos, audio files, and more.

Big data is becoming increasingly important in many fields, from business to health care, because of its ability to reveal patterns and trends in data.

One of the most important aspects of big data is the use of algorithms to process and analyze the large amounts of data. Algorithms are designed to search for patterns and make predictions about future events.

These algorithms can be used to identify customer behavior and create predictive models.
Bias is a type of error that occurs when an algorithm produces inaccurate results due to the data it was trained on. Bias can arise from errors in the data collection process or from the incorrect application of an algorithm.

For example, a biased algorithm may overlook certain demographics or may under-predict certain outcomes. To avoid bias, organizations should take steps to collect data accurately and apply algorithms properly.

Bounding box

Bounding Box is a type of algorithm used in computer vision applications such as object recognition and tracking. A bounding box is a box that contains all of the pixels that define an object in an image. By applying a bounding box, algorithms can detect objects in images with more accuracy and reduce the false positives generated by other computer vision techniques.

Brute Force Search:

Brute force search is a type of algorithm used for solving problems that require exhaustive search. This type of algorithm looks at all possible solutions and evaluates each one until it finds the best solution. Brute force search is often used for complex problems such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and natural language processing.

Cloud computing

Cloud computing is a type of internet-based computing that provides shared computer processing resources and data to computers and other devices on demand. It is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services). Examples of cloud computing include web hosting, video streaming, software-as-a-service (SaaS), Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS).

Custom models are cloud computing models that enable organizations to configure and customize their services to their specific needs.

Custom models allow companies to access resources and services that are tailored to their business, giving them the flexibility to optimize performance and increase efficiency.


Chatbots are cloud-based AI applications that use natural language processing (NLP) to understand and respond to user queries in a conversational manner. Chatbots can be used to answer simple customer service inquiries or provide more complex assistance such as helping customers purchase products or complete transactions.

Computer Vision

Computer vision is an AI technology that uses deep learning algorithms to detect, identify, and classify objects in images. Computer vision applications can be used for a variety of purposes including facial recognition, motion detection, object identification, and image segmentation.

Data mining

Data mining is a process of discovering and extracting patterns from large datasets. It involves techniques such as machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), natural language processing (NLP), and deep learning.

Data mining can help businesses uncover trends and insights in data sets that would otherwise remain hidden.

Data Lake

A data lake is a centralized repository of large volumes of structured and unstructured data. It can be used to store both raw and processed data from multiple sources, such as enterprise applications, social media, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.

The data stored in a data lake is typically accessible for advanced analytics, such as machine learning, deep learning, and artificial intelligence.

Data Manager

A data manager is a professional responsible for overseeing the organization’s data resources. This may involve collecting and analyzing data, developing databases, and creating data models. They also ensure that the company’s databases are secure and compliant with industry standards.

Data Scientist

Data scientists are experts in analyzing and extracting insights from large datasets. They use predictive analytics, machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing, and other advanced techniques to uncover valuable patterns and insights from data.

Deep Learning

Deep learning is an artificial intelligence technique that uses multi-layered neural networks to mimic the behaviour of the human brain. This type of machine learning algorithm is used to identify complex patterns in data, such as recognizing objects in images or translating spoken languages into text.

Machine learning

Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence (AI) which enables machines to learn from data without being explicitly programmed.

Machine learning uses algorithms to analyze data and make predictions or decisions, allowing machines to act in a more human-like manner. In machine learning, the process of training a model involves providing it with data so that it can make predictions on unseen data.

Two of the most commonly used types of machine learning are machine perception and machine translation.

Machine Perception

Machine perception is the ability for a machine to recognize patterns in data that can be used for classification tasks such as image recognition, object detection, and facial recognition.

Machine translation is the ability for a machine to translate written text from one language to another.

This type of machine learning uses natural language processing (NLP) algorithms to analyze text, understand its meaning, and convert it into another language.

Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is the field of computer science dedicated to understanding human language. It covers a wide range of tasks, from recognizing text from an image to translating one language to another. NLP utilizes machine learning, deep learning, and statistical methods to process, analyze, and generate natural language.

One of the primary applications of NLP is text classification. This allows computers to identify topics and labels in documents, such as news articles, by analyzing words and phrases in the text. NLP can also be used to detect sentiment in text, which can help detect customer feedback or evaluate the overall opinion of a given topic.

NLP also enables natural language generation, or the ability for machines to generate human-readable text. This technology can be used to create personalized content on demand, or to answer questions without any human input.

In addition, NLP plays a role in speech recognition and synthesis, which can be used to recognize voice commands or generate natural sounding voices for virtual assistants like Alexa or Siri.

Overall, natural language processing is a key area of computer science that helps machines understand human language. It has a variety of applications in areas such as text classification, sentiment analysis, natural language generation, and speech recognition. As the field continues to advance, we can expect even more applications of this technology in the future.

Neural network

A neural network is a computer program modeled after the human brain and nervous system.

It is composed of interconnected “neurons” that communicate with one another to process data and recognize patterns.

Neural networks can learn from the data they are exposed to and use that information to make predictions. This makes them incredibly useful for a variety of tasks, such as facial recognition, speech recognition, and language translation.

Neural networks have the potential to revolutionize artificial intelligence and can be used to create powerful computer systems that can perform complex tasks quickly and accurately.

Supervised learning

An algorithm that builds a model based on training data can predict the output labels of unseen data based on the models. This is called supervised learning.

The use of supervised learning in artificial intelligence and machine learning includes tasks such as classification, pattern recognition, regression, and forecasting. In supervised learning, the model is trained on labelled examples that include both the input features and desired output labels.

For example, if you’re trying to teach a computer to recognize cats in pictures, you would feed it labelled examples of cats so it can learn the patterns associated with cats and be able to accurately predict when it sees them.

Supervised learning can be further divided into two types: regression and classification. In regression, the goal is to predict a continuous outcome variable given a set of input features. In classification, the goal is to predict a discrete outcome variable given a set of input features.

Unsupervised learning

Unsupervised learning is a type of machine learning that involves algorithms that allow computer systems to find patterns in data without being given labeled input or output.

Unlike supervised learning, unsupervised learning does not require a dataset with the desired output already specified. Instead, it relies on algorithms to identify patterns and correlations in the data.

In unsupervised learning, the computer searches for clusters of data that share common attributes or characteristics.

The algorithm looks at all of the data points and assigns them to clusters based on their similarities. The computer can then use this data to determine relationships between the various clusters of data points.

For example, a computer can identify clusters of data that appear to have similar shapes or colors and then classify them accordingly.

Unsupervised learning is useful in a variety of applications, including identifying customer segments in market research, clustering documents for text summarization, discovering associations in biological data, and finding anomalies in financial data.

In addition, unsupervised learning can be used to group images according to their content. This is often used in facial recognition systems to identify faces in photos.


As artificial intelligence continues to develop, it is essential to understand the key terms associated with the technology. With an understanding of the top 10 AI glossary terms, you can stay up-to-date on the latest developments in the field. Algorithm, big data, cloud computing, data mining, machine learning, natural language processing, neural network, supervised learning, and unsupervised learning are all vital aspects of AI. As we enter a new era of artificial intelligence, having an understanding of these terms will help you to comprehend the technology and its capabilities.

By Hari Haran

I'm Aspiring data scientist who want to know about more AI. I'm very keen in learning many sources in AI.

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